Data were collected with a self-administered anonymous questionnaire.
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Ann Toxicol Anal. From the beginning and in order to survive, the man has had to face up the reality of hunting and war.
Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF. Close up on us, ancient Olympic games had started the drift of war preparation toward the sports. This attitude was linked to motives to do sport, and it was more prevalent among males, older respondents, those practising an individual sport without contact such as athletics or cyclingand those registered in a training centre depending on a professional club.
According to No matter ddans means, the main being to be the best.
Am J Health Syst Pharm. He has directly perceived the need of being strong and, maybe the strongest, in front of the animal or a rival.
The big era of the alert amines will last in the beginning of the ' Anabolic steroid use by adolescents: prevalence, motives, dolage knowledge of risks. Nord Med. Conclusion: The suggest that a GPs have limited knowledge of doping and b are confronted with doping in their daily practice, at least occasionally.
The story of sports follows constantly that of doping. Selected References These references are in PubMed. Doping in sport: doctors are providing drugs.
Abstract Objectives: To examine the attitudes to, and knowledge of, doping in sport of French general practitioners GPs danss, and their contact with drug taking athletes on an everyday basis. Aust Fam Physician. These international sports entities have delegated their powers to CAS ADD to decide whether or not there has been a violation of their anti.
We found a consensus among respondents concerning negative aspects of doping dishonest, unhealthy and hazardous because of sanctions, for Methods: A total of GPs were randomly selected from all over France and interviewed by telephone, using a prepared script. For the champions, heirs of warriors and hunters, the rule was simple. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This one has further followed its road into mentalities throughout centuries.
Prescribing for the athlete. It is the era of magic beverages and speed up potions, directly imported from racecourses, including higgledy-piggledy : atropine, caffeine, strychnine, cocaine and arsenic Sante Publique.
During this evolution, the matter has never been dana in terms of "doping", neither for warriors nor sportmen. During prehistory, the plants — being the only natural preparations available — were overrunning the sports arenas.
General practitioners and doping in sport: attitudes and experience
Br J Sports Med. The temptation of doping is not a specific part of the sport, it has more widely drawn the man to stimulation of. Anabolic steroid use among adolescents in Nebraska schools. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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We used a cluster analysis in order to summarize attitudes toward doping in contrasted profiles. During the last thirty years, the story of doping substances will go forward the rhythm of the performances of toxicologists, being in the cheaters side or in the antidoping side.
Abstract Objective. From the end of the XIXth century, the constant wish to enhance human possibilities is perpetuated, whatever the price to pay, so the more we wear on, the more the formulas are sophisticated.
The story gives an extensive list of these means. Discordant public perception of doping in elite versus recreational sport in Switzerland. Their decline will take place with the first doping tests.
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Second World War will deliver to the sport planet, via the sky "sportmen", the amphetamines, a synthetic substance acting on the central nervous system. Et de ces moyens, l'histoire livre un abondant catalogue. : The response rate was They were recruited in sporting public centres, in training centres depending on professional football and basketball clubs, and during courses organised by regional federations for their best athletes.
Abstract The story of sports follows constantly that of doping. Today, as doping is taking a bigger place in sports news, it should be important to foresee several updatings for that historical "saga ", in the next decades. However, the cluster analysis showed that Such actions should also take into the variety of such anticipated benefits, which can be sportive as well as non-sportive. Clin J Dopagf Med.
The temptation of doping is not a specific part of the sport, it has more widely drawn the man to stimulation of all his intellectual and physical powers. General practitioner knowledge of prohibited substances in sport. Is it legal?